THE FIT HEART clinic 

Cardiac Superspeciality Centre

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Valvular heart disease is a common heart condition caused by improperly functioning heart valves (the "doors" between the heart chambers). The heart has four valves: the tricuspid, pulmonary, mitral, and aortic valves (see the details in the section - ('Structure of Heart') .These valves are like tissue flaps that open and close with each heartbeat. The flaps make sure blood flows in the right direction through your heart's four chambers and to the rest of your body.



If the valves don't work properly, you could have:

  • Valve Regurgitation - when blood leaks back through the valve in the wrong direction
  • Valve Stenosis - when the valve doesn't open enough and blocks blood flow
  • Valve prolapse - when one of the valves, the mitral valve, has "floppy" flaps and doesn't close tightly. It's one of the most common heart valve conditions. Sometimes it causes regurgitation.



Valve problems can be present at birth or caused by infections, heart attacks, or heart disease or damage. Patients with heart valve disease will have breathlessness as the main complaint.The main sign of heart valve disease is an unusual heart sound called a heart murmur. Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. But sometimes people can have heart murmurs without having a heart problem. Heart tests can show if you have a heart valve disease. Some valve problems are minor and do not need treatment. Others might require medicine, medical procedures, or surgery to repair or replace the valve.